By Nancy Gentile Ford

During the 1st international battle, approximately part 1000000 immigrant draftees from forty-six assorted countries served within the U.S. military. This surge of outdated international squaddies challenged the yankee military's cultural, linguistic, and spiritual traditions and required army leaders to think again their education equipment for the foreign-born troops. How did the U.S. warfare division combine this different staff right into a united battling strength? The conflict division drew at the stories of revolutionary social welfare reformers, who labored with immigrants in city payment homes, they usually listened to business potency specialists, who attached wrestle functionality to morale and group of workers administration. might be most importantly, the army enlisted the aid of ethnic neighborhood leaders, who assisted in education, socializing, and Americanizing immigrant troops and who stressed the army to acknowledge and meet the real cultural and non secular wishes of the ethnic squaddies. those neighborhood leaders negotiated the Americanization approach via selling patriotism and loyalty to the USA whereas conserving key ethnic cultural traditions. providing a thrilling examine an unexplored sector of army heritage, americans All! Foreign-born squaddies in international warfare I constitutes a piece of precise curiosity to students within the fields of army background, sociology, and ethnic experiences. Ford's study illuminates what it intended for the U.S. army to reexamine early twentieth-century nativism; rather than forcing squaddies right into a melting pot, battle division regulations created an environment that made either American and ethnic satisfaction appropriate. in the course of the struggle, a German officer commented at the ethnic range of the yankee military and famous, with a few amazement, that those ''semi-Americans'' thought of themselves to be ''true-born sons in their followed country.'' The officer used to be fallacious on one count number. The immigrant infantrymen weren't ''semi-Americans''; they have been ''Americans all!''

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Not surprisingly, this brought resentment from the ethnic groups who had long called for the defeat of the Central Powers and had worked diligently for its demise. Various Czech and Slovak groups rallied to demonstrate continued support for the war, and leaders worked to have the “technical enemy alien” “In the Family of One Nation” 31 status removed from noncitizen members of their community. 40 The founder of the Czechoslovak Legion, Thomas G. Masaryk, was a former member of the Vienna Parliament and a professor of philosophy at Prague’s Charles University; he would later become the first president of Czechoslovakia.

Of Aid Societies) worked with recruiting officers from the American military to provide immigrant soldiers with inspirational speeches. ” As the Bureau of the Czech National Alliance of Catholics put it: “In this critical time, when we feel compelled to draw the sword for the defense of human rights and the liberation of the oppressed peoples by autocratic governments, our duty stands out clearly to us. . Our place is under the Star Spangled Banner, the symbol of equality and liberty. . ”37 From April to June, , ethnic newspaper articles listed the names of immigrants who volunteered in the United States military.

Milan Rastislav Stefanik, a Slovakian scientist and son of a Lutheran pastor, assisted with Czech enlistments. Stefanik became the vice president of the Czechoslovak National Council, the official recruiting organization for the Czechoslovak Legion. In the fall of , Stefanik spent a few weeks in the United States to raise funds and lay a “firm foundation” for recruitment of nondeclarant immigrants for the Czechoslovak Legion. , accompanied Stefanik. 42 On October , , Chicago’s Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs auditorium was crowded with the largest group ever assembled in the hall.

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