By Colin G. Calloway
The 1676 killing of Metacomet, the tribal chief dubbed "King Philip" by means of colonists, is usually visible as a watershed occasion, marking the tip of a bloody battle, dissolution of Indian society in New England, or even the disappearance of local peoples from the area. This assortment demanding situations that assumption, displaying that Indians tailored and survived, present quietly at the fringes of american society, much less noticeable than prior to yet still protecting a unique id and history. whereas confinement on tiny reservations, subjection to expanding country legislation, enforced abandonment of conventional costume and technique of aid, and racist rules did reason dramatic alterations, Natives still controlled to take care of their Indianness via customs, kinship, and neighborhood.
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Additional info for After King Philip's War: presence and persistence in Indian New England
In December, after the Narragansetts of Rhode Island refused to surrender noncombatant Page 2 refugees from other tribes, a Puritan army stormed and destroyed the main Narragansett village in the Great Swamp Fight. In April, troops from Connecticut captured the Narragansett chief, Canonchet, and handed him over to their Mohegan allies for execution. In May, Captain William Turner and his men attacked an Indian fishing village at Peskeomskut, today called Turner's Falls, Massachusetts, and inflicted terrible slaughter as the inhabitants tried to escape over the falls.
John Adams, writing to Thomas Jefferson in 1812, recalled growing up seventy years earlier with Indians for neighbors and as visitors to his father's house. A large Indian family had lived in the town, and Adams remembered nostalgically visiting their wigwam and being treated with blackberries, strawberries, whortle berries, apples, plumbs, and peaches. "But the Girls went out to Service and the Boys to Sea, till not a Soul is left," he wrote. 57 Town histories throughout New England often begin with an early reference to an Indian individual or family who frequented the neighborhood for a time but then disappeared as the town grew.
29 In Maine, Penobscots and Passamaquoddies, who supported the American cause during the Revolution, appealed to Congress for justice as their former allies invaded their hunting territories. But, in defiance of the Indian Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790, which prohibited transfer of Indian lands without congressional approval, first Massachusetts and then, after 1820, the new state of Maine made treaties that gobbled up huge areas of Indian land. In 1794, the Passamaquoddies ceded more than one million acres to Massachusetts.
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