By Kwan S. Kim, Fumio Maki, Ryoshin Minami, Joung-hae Seo

Economic growth calls for technological improvement, which in flip will depend on a country's social skill to procure, assimilate, and enhance new applied sciences. concentrating on the evolution of Japan's economic system from the Meiji recovery to the current day, this quantity offers an authoritative account, firmly grounded in theoretical and empirical research, of the country's makes an attempt to generate the mandatory social capability for technological innovation and absorption. Successive chapters tackle the categorical studies of a few key eastern industries in this technique. each one commercial case research is written by way of an said specialist within the box and offers fabric of important curiosity to experts in monetary improvement in a sort that also is obtainable to the nonspecialist. The publication concludes with a precis of important classes, variously acceptable to international locations in any respect different phases of industrialization.

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Information was amassed through the researches or reports of the Japanese consuls in foreign countries, and by attending various world fairs. Such a role has gradually been taken over by private firms. Japanese firms began to send their top engineers abroad to investigate promising technologies. Various trade associations and other institutions have often organized the missions to study technological trends abroad and learn foreign business practices. 52 Exhibitions and Fairs During the Meiji Period, central and local governments often held domestic exhibitions and fairs.

For example, it started Ogata K6gy6 Gijutsu Kenkyu Kaihatsu Seido (Large Scale Industrial Technology Development Project) in 1966 which was too risky for the private firms, the 'Sunshine Project' to develop alternative energy and the 'Moonlight Project' aimed at developing energy-saving technology in 1970s, and Jisedai Kiban Gijutsu Kenkyu Kaihatsu Seido (R&D Project of Basic Technology for Future Industries), targeting the development of hightech industries in the 1980s. JAPANESE TECHNOLOGY IN TRANSITION In this chapter we have examined how technical progress has affected economic development in Japan and have also clarified why technical progress has been rapid there.

Most of them were operated by farmers who were engaged in sericulture. Their output was controlled by middlemen who made direct purchases from the filatures, or else they were organized as members of a producer's cooperative. We will take the example of a producer's cooperative to show a typical case: the cooperative consisted of 100 farmers with only one reeling basin per filature. Raw silk produced by each member was gathered together and sent to the re-reeling workshop operated by the cooperatives to maintain uniformity in the final product.

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