By A. R. Disney

The dominion of Portugal used to be created as a spinoff of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. without geographical raison d'?tre and no visible roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for lengthy remained a small, suffering realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, within the early 15th century, this not likely springboard for Western enlargement without notice started to collect an empire of its personal, ultimately extending greater than midway all over the world. The heritage of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing quite on old scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, bargains readers a entire review and reinterpretation of ways all this occurred - the 1st such account to seem in English for greater than a new release. quantity I issues the background of Portugal itself from pre-Roman occasions to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and quantity II strains the heritage of the Portuguese out of the country empire.

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Extra info for A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 2)

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Farinha A D 2002 pp 50–1, 62. Godinho V M 1962 p 122; Godinho V M 1981–3 vol 3 p 284; Farinha A D 2002 p 14. North Africa 15 captaincies for generations. However, each individual fortress captain would have a cluster of fidalgos around him, all eager for advancement. 49 Foot-soldiers of the garrisons in Portuguese Morocco – a disparate collection of adventurers, rogues, paupers and exiles – were usually lucky to gain anything much for their experience. But each of the principal Portuguese possessions also accumulated a community of moradores – permanent settlers and long-term civilian residents.

It was heavily walled and dominated by a massive castle, and its harbour was protected by a large mole overlooked by several batteries. 75 In the seventeenth century, from Tangier’s walls the surrounding countryside must have appeared productive and inviting, with wheat, barley, oats, vines and citrus fruits widely cultivated, and numerous cattle grazed. Nevertheless, it was a landscape that for unwary residents concealed many dangers. Despite periodic peaceful interludes, the Portuguese could not venture far from the town without risking ambush.

This presence, at first largely predatory and corsair driven, was based primarily on ports in Algeria and Tunisia and especially threatened Spanish interests. In the early sixteenth century the Spaniards clashed repeatedly with the most formidable of the corsair leaders, the Barbarossa brothers. 34 Although not as exposed as some Spanish possessions, the Portuguese-held fortresses on the Straits of Gibraltar felt threatened by these developments. Moreover, both Portuguese shipping and the coast of Portugal itself were now suffering intensified corsair depredations.

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