By Giuseppe Mazzini

This anthology gathers Giuseppe Mazzini's most crucial essays on democracy, kingdom development, and diplomacy, together with a few that experience by no means sooner than been translated into English. those ignored writings remind us why Mazzini used to be the most influential political thinkers of the 19th century--and why there's nonetheless nice profit to be derived from a cautious research of what he needed to say. Mazzini (1805-1872) is better identified this present day because the inspirational chief of the Italian Risorgimento. yet, as this e-book demonstrates, he additionally made an important contribution to the advance of contemporary democratic and liberal internationalist inspiration. in truth, Stefano Recchia and Nadia Urbinati make the case that Mazzini needs to be well-known because the founding determine of what has grow to be referred to as liberal Wilsonianism.The writings accumulated the following convey how Mazzini built a cosmopolitan concept of democratic country building--one that illustrates why democracy can't be effectively imposed via army intervention from the skin. He additionally speculated, even more explicitly than Immanuel Kant, approximately how renowned participation and self-rule inside autonomous realms could bring about lasting peace between democracies. in brief, Mazzini believed that common aspirations towards human freedom, equality, and foreign peace may top be learned via self sufficient geographical regions with homegrown democratic associations. He therefore estimated what one may perhaps at the present time name a real cosmopolitanism of countries.

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Extra resources for A Cosmopolitanism of Nations: Giuseppe Mazzini's Writings on Democracy, Nation Building, and International Relations

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E. F. Richards (London: John Lane, 1922), 236. 83 Mazzini, “The European Question: Foreign Intervention and National Self-Determi­ nation” [1847], chapter 16 of this book, 195. 84 The similarity between Mazzini’s and Mill’s reasoning is again striking: “A people the most attached to freedom, the most capable of defending and making a good use of free institutions, may be unable to contend successfully for them against the military strength of another nation much more powerful. ” Cf. John S. Mill, “A Few Words on Nonintervention,” 383.

51 John Rawls, The Law of Peoples (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999), 44–45. 52 Mazzini, “On Publicity in Foreign Affairs,” chapter 14 of this book, 169. 48 See, 20 • Introduction growing economic interdependence could be a powerful stimulus for peace in its own right.  . 53 Any hypothetical war among liberal states would now inevitably undermine the transna­ tional financial foundations of their prosperity. The anticipated enormous costs of war among liberal democracies would result in powerful addi­ tional incentives to resolve disputes peacefully and preserve the peace.

Now and forever. 1 We thus feel the need to look back at what we have accomplished and at the debates that our writings have stimulated among those Italians who desire an improvement of their country’s conditions. In addition, we feel the need to respond once and for all to some objections that have been raised against us. We want to state the principles that govern our work and the intentions that guide us in the choice of our means, so that we can quickly get back on track, free from any worries that our doctrine may be misinterpreted, and with no other care but the future, our consistency, and victory.

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